The busho groupsadmin2020-09-15T09:51:23+00:00
The majority of the bushos are members of a busho group, but every year there are loners who
join the procession spontaneously, alone or in small groups. For the costumed town carnival,
1,000 to 1,200 people disguise themselves as busos annually, forming their characteristic rites
in 58 independently organized, closed group communities.
The participation of busho groups is also multilevel, as some members are also musicians,
dancers or mask carvers who occasionally come into ritual contact with other groups. The
bushos submit to the internal rules of the groups, and the groups define themselves as a
“busho society” while they realize the common goal of creating and experiencing the festival.
Together and democratically they shape their rites year after year, which is a traditionpreserving,
but dynamically moving, changing, reproducing and enriching process.
The delegated leaders of the groups consult the town administration and the organizers. They
agree on events and useful pieces of information that affect each group. They also discuss and
agree on the plans for each group. They try to adapt to each other and to the expectations of
tourism, while always being careful that these expectations do not affect their own customs.
The events published in the program strive for a balance between the “busho society” and the
internal operation and autonomy of the busho groups. The rivalry among the groups means a
constant urge to appear as colourful and sophisticated as possible during the carnival season.
Within the community, each group has its own specific tradition that remains completely
invisible to the external observer. These are the composition of the groups, the possibility and
method of joining, the hierarchy of the members, their motivations, their room usage habits,
including the length and order of the preparation time, the procession routes, the ritual events
of the respective time, additional material supplies and attributes. Maintaining contact outside
the carnival period can also be different, but in general it is characterized by continuity,
regular meetings and preparation for the next carnival. The bond within some groups is so
close that the members go on vacation together, or help each other with building houses or the
traditional pig slaughtering. Others also meet regularly. They talk and cook together while
they prepare for the next carnival.
The names of the busho groups can reflect their characteristic properties, which distinguish
them from others, such as cannon, devil’s wheel, horn, bucket boat, goat horn, stick. The
designation can refer to a typical action or event, such as a giant bang (also a group of
cannons), or crossing the Danube. There are names that refer to the identity of the Šokci or the
bond with the nationality: Circle of Mohács Šokci, Búso Club (in their name “búso” is
intentionally spelled differently than usual), Poklade, Mladi Momci, Stari Momci, Danica
Zvezda. The names Winter Banishers and Turk Beaters are associated with the original legend
of the custom. The groups Marosa and Vidák were named after their leaders. Humorous word
games also appear in some names. Each group has a leader who is respected by every
member. It can be an elderly person, a skilled person or a creative one.